The Municipal Unit of Kifissia is the largest Municipal Unit of the Kallikratic Municipality of Kifissia and is administratively identified with the limits of the former Municipality of Kifissia, which has been a self-governing entity since 1925.
It is located to the north and east of the Attica basin and belongs (administratively) to the Athens Prefecture. The Municipal Unit of Kifissia occupies an area of approximately 26,000 square kilometers and borders with the municipalities of Metamorfosi, Acharnes and Lykovrisi to the west, with the municipalities of Pefki, Marousi and Melissia to the east, with the Municipal Unit of Ekali to the northeast, and with the Municipal Unit of Nea Erythraia to the north. The natural limits are Penteli to the east and Kifissos river to the west. Kifissia is crossed by the Athens-Lamia National Road, which cuts off a part of it (Adames, Grammos, Phoenix).
The Municipal Unit of Kifissia consists of the following areas:
Nea Kifissia, Adames, Kato Kifissia, Strofyli, Kefalari, Politia, Alonia, K.A.T. , Kaliftaki, Panorama, Asty Aigyptioton, Ergatikes Katikies (social housing units), Varies, Synikismos Peloponnision (the Peloponnesians’ settlement) and Grammos-Foinikas.Kifissia is mainly a residential area, but factories and sport facilities are also present. Purely residential areas are Kefalari, Politia, Strofyli, Alonia, Nea Kifissia and Kato Kifissia. The area southwest of Kaliftaki Street up to the administrative limits of the Municipality of Kifissia with the Community of Lykovrisi has been designated as an “Industrial Park” with the presidential decree 84/1984. Several factories have already been established in the area.
With an average altitude of 300 meters, Kifissia spreads to the foot of Penteli and exhibits morphological diversity and altitudinal differences.
With finds that are believed to date back to the Neolithic era, Kifissia has continuously been inhabited since the Geometric period. It is built on the ruins of the ancient demos of Kifissia. Homeland of the Epicratus, Onisippus, Amphidamus, Pythaeus of Kifissia and, of course, of the poet Menandros of Kifissia, whose bust is also the emblem of the Municipality of Kifissia. Kifissia still has precious treasures beneath its soil, such as the Pericles’s cup which was recently discovered during road works.
During Roman times, Herodes Atticus chose Kifissia to build his manor house in the 2nd century AD. The abundant water reserves in the area were exploited by the emperor Hadrian to supply the Hadrian aqueduct, which served for the water supply of Athens in the years of Otto (for the second time).
The small chapels of the city date back to the Byzantine and post-Byzantine times, such as Panagia Xydou, Panagia Chelidonou and Agioi Saranta. During the Ottoman domination, Kifissia became the administrative center of the Ottomans and had a large mosque. Kifissia is mentioned in the writings of many travelers and its residents later participated in the struggle for Independence.
Its uninterrupted course over the centuries and its excellent climate (with cool summers compared to the Athenian center) rendered it into a modern town and a popular holiday resort for the Athenian bourgeois class. Prominent political and economic figures of the country, intellectuals, artists and scientists have built holiday or permanent residences, thus making Kifissia a pole of attraction for the middle and upper-middle class.
Many personalities lived In Kifissia, such as Th. Diligiannis and the Delta, Benaki, Trikoupi, Dragoumi, Mela, Kazouli families. The writers G. Drosinis, Agg. Sikelianos, Th. Petsalis-Diomidis and others. The Presidents of the Republic K. Tsatsos and K. Karamanlis, as well as many others Therefore, neoclassical or modern, preserved or not houses (162) with well-kept gardens, cisterns and elaborate flower beds that demonstrate precisely the above character of the suburb are an integral part of the city's identity. Many of them are adorned with private chapels, such as Ag. Stefanos of the Delta family, Agia Irini of the Pesmazoglu family, Agia Marina of the Flegga family. To date, there are still summer houses of Athenian families in Kifissia.
Private residences with the signature of prominent architects such as Ernst Ziller, Hans Christian Hansen, I. Lambrou, Varouxakis, Agalidis, Economou and others decorate the areas of the center (Strofyli, Politia) and offer a pleasant walk to the enthusiasts of the architectural and cultural character of Kifissia.
Landmarks for Kifissia with an important architectural footprint were, and still are, the luxurious hotels such as PALACE, BRITTANIA, PYRNA, THEOXENIA, OLYMPOS, CECIL, APERGI, SEMIRAMIS, PENTELIKON, MELA. These are hotel units that highlight the tradition of the tourist destination, all renovated and offering high standard services.
In addition to the high residential density, Kifissia has a shopping center with a variety of shops, restaurants and cafés, serving the wider area. On a more local level, there are smaller shopping centers serving its residents. The city remains a pole of attraction for the small getaways of Athenians, combining shopping with leisure.
The area of Politia, at an altitude of about 350 meters, perched on the foot of Penteli, offers unparalleled views of the capital and the port of Piraeus.
Two (2) state hospitals, K.A.T. and “Agioi Anargyroi” General Oncological Hospital, museums (Goulandris Natural History Museum, Gaia Center, Benaki Museum’s Historical Archives, OTE Museum of Telecommunications), private collections, the Kouvoutsakis Art Institute, the Skironio Sculpture Center, the Mihalarias Art Gallery, libraries (Drosini in “Amaryllis” estate, Loverdou), organized sports facilities (such as the Zirinio gym, which operated as a training center during the 2004 Olympic Games, the Politia Indoor Sports Arena, the swimming pool, football and tennis courts), open care centers for the elderly, etc., are within the administrative limits of Kifissia. Kifissia is also home to the unique Benaki Phytopathological Institute, one of its kind in the country.